Energy poverty primary indicators

Energy poverty primary indicators

Population unable to keep home adequately warm by poverty status

Income situation in relation to the risk of poverty threshold: above 60% of median equivalised income

Country 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Average median Stdev
EU 7.3 8 8.1 7.5 6.6 6.1 5.7 5.1 4.6 6.56 6.60 1.27
BE 4.6 4.4 3.6 3 3.5 2.7 3.1 2.6 2.3 2.7 3.25 3.05 0.77
DK 1.6 1.8 3 2.5 2.4 2 2.2 2.3 2 1.9 2.17 2.10 0.40
ES 4.7 6.6 6.1 7.5 7 6.3 4.9 5.9 4.4 7.9 6.13 6.20 1.18
IT 13.3 15.8 13.7 13.1 12.3 11.8 11.7 10 7.3 12.11 12.30 2.41
SI 4.2 4.3 3.5 3.9 4.3 3.3 2.8 2 1.5 1.9 3.17 3.40 1.06
UK 5.5 5.9 8.5 7.2 5.6 4.5 4.6 4 5.73 5.55 1.50

Income situation in relation to the risk of poverty threshold: below 60% of median equivalised income

Country 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Average median Stdev
EU 22 24.5 24.1 23.5 22.7 21 18.4 17.9 17.2 21.26 22.00 2.79
BE 20.9 18.7 18.4 18.3 14.8 16.2 20.1 18.5 13.2 12.6 17.17 18.35 2.84
DK 7.4 8.4 10.2 5.8 12.7 7.9 6.6 7.8 8.4 10.9 8.61 8.15 2.09
ES 13.2 18.9 15.6 23.5 23.3 23.2 19.4 20.8 19.6 22.3 19.98 20.20 3.44
IT 36.1 44 40.4 38.3 35.9 32.4 29.1 30 26.3 34.72 35.90 5.75
SI 12.4 17.3 13.1 15.4 13.6 14.2 11.5 11.4 8.2 9.8 12.69 12.75 2.66
UK 11.4 19.2 21.7 20.2 18.6 14.2 12.4 11.8 16.19 16.40 4.17

Income situation in relation to the risk of poverty threshold: all

Country 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Average median Stdev
EU 9.8 10.8 10.7 10.3 9.4 8.7 7.8 7.3 6.7 9.06 9.40 1.51
BE 7.1 6.6 5.8 5.4 5.2 4.8 5.8 5.2 3.9 4.1 5.39 5.30 1.00
DK 2.3 2.5 3.8 2.9 3.6 2.7 2.7 3 2.8 3 2.93 2.85 0.46
ES 6.5 9.1 8 11.1 10.6 10.1 8 9.1 7.5 10.9 9.09 9.10 1.57
IT 17.8 21.3 18.8 18 17 16.1 15.2 14.1 11.1 16.60 17.00 2.94
SI 5.4 6.1 4.9 5.6 5.6 4.8 3.9 3.3 2.3 2.8 4.47 4.85 1.31
UK 6.5 8.1 10.6 9.4 7.8 6.1 5.9 5.4 7.48 7.15 1.84

Arrears on utility bills

Country 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Average median Stdev
European Union 9.0 9.9 10.2 9.9 9.1 8.1 7.0 6.6 6.1 9.0 1.55
Belgium 6.0 6.1 5.0 5.8 5.1 5.0 4.1 4.5 4.1 3.8 5.0 0.76
Denmark 3.4 3.5 3.6 4.6 3.4 2.5 3.5 5.1 3.6 4.2 3.5 0.75
Spain 5.7 7.5 8.3 9.2 8.8 7.8 7.4 7.2 6.5 9.6 7.5 1.09
Italy 12.0 11.7 11.9 12.2 12.6 8.9 4.8 4.5 4.5 11.7 3.63
Slovenia 17.3 19.3 19.7 20.3 17.5 15.9 14.3 12.5 11.2 9.4 17.3 3.23
United Kingdom 5.0 8.9 8.7 7.2 7.0 5.7 5.0 5.4 6.3 1.59